Bridges around the world mean connecting any two points with a fixed distance between them. Some bridges are also world famous for their design and engineering. Bridges may be of different materials and may be of a different design. These bridges are constructed to cross rivers, lakes, valleys, mountains, or any other natural feature. Some common types of bridges include the suspension bridge, arch bridge, Beam Bridge, cantilever bridge, Bascule Bridge and truss bridge. Most of these bridges are also considered as landmarks and engineering wonders of regions around the world. We have brought to you the list of the most famous bridges in the world.
Here is the List of Famous Bridges in the World:
London Tower Bridge
London Tower Bridge is a combination of a bascule and suspension bridge, built over the River Thames near the Tower of London. Construction of the bridge began in 1886 and was officially opened on 30 June 1894 by the Prince and Princess of Wales. The famous Tower Bridge is an iconic tourist attraction in London city of the United Kingdom and also one of the most popular landmarks in the world. Two sections of the bridge open about 3 times a day to pass the river traffic.
Golden Gate Bridge, California, USA
The Golden Gate Bridge is a spanning suspension bridge of the Golden Gate. The 1 mile wide (1.6 km) bridge is an iconic and world famous structure connecting the city of San Francisco to Marin County in California, USA. The construction was started on January 5, 1933, and Construction end April 19, 1937. The bridge was officially opened on May 27, 1937, for the public. The Golden Gate Bridge is considered to be one of the most beautiful bridges in the world. It is designed by engineer Joseph Strauss and Charles Alton Ellis and was a masterpiece of engineering of its time.
Brooklyn Bridge, New York City, USA
The Brooklyn Bridge is a hybrid cable-stayed / suspension bridge and also one of the recognizable landmarks in New York City, USA. The Brooklyn Bridge is 5,989 feet (1825 m) long from one end to the other and connects Manhattan and Brooklyn. It was built between 1869 and 1883 in New York City, USA. It was the longest steel-wire suspension bridge in the world when it was completed in 1883.
Rialto Bridge in Venice, Italy
Rialto Bridge is the oldest stone-arch bridge over the Grand Canal and one of the famous tourist attractions in Venice, Italy. The bridge was first constructed by Nicolo Barattieri in the 12th century as a pontoon bridge. It has been rebuilt several times and the present structure of the bridge was built between 1588 and 1591.
Si-o-se Pol Bridge, Isfahan, IranList of Most Beautiful & Famous Bridges in the World
Si-o-se-Pol Bridge is a double-deck stone arch bridge, was built between 1599 and 1602 in the city of Isfahan, Iran. It is the most famous bridge in Isfahan due to its size and beautiful architecture. It was constructed under the supervision of the commander-in-chief of the armies, Allawardi Khan Andildez, so it is also known as The Allahverdi Khan Bridge. The bridge has a total length of 297.76 m (976.9 ft) and a total width of 14.75 m (48.4 ft).
Sydney Harbour Bridge, Australia
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is the world’s largest steel arch bridge with a total length of 1,149 m across Sydney Harbour, Australia. The Construction began on 28 July 1923 and officially opened on 19 March 1932. The bridge is a spectacular feat of engineering that was designed by the British firm Dorman Long & Co Ltd of Middlesbrough.
Millau Viaduct Bridge, France
The Millau Viaduct is the tallest cable-stay bridge in the world. It is one of the amazing engineering and architectural wonders on the Taran River valley near Millau, Southern France. It is standing at an impressive 336.4 m (1,104 ft) structural height, and the total length of the bridge is 2,460 m (8,070 ft). The construction began on 16 October 2001 and officially opened on 16 December 2004.
Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, Japan
The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge (Pearl Bridge) is the world’s longest suspension bridge with a length of 3,911 meters (12,831 ft). Connects the city of Kobe and Awaji Island with a length of almost 4Km in west-central Japan. The bridge was constructed between 1988 and 1998, and it was the longest bridge in the world at that time. This suspension bridge is not only very long but also designed to withstand up to 8.5 magnitudes (on the Richter scale) earthquake.
Hangzhou Bay Bridge in Hangzhou Bay, China
Hangzhou Bay Bridge is one of the longest sea-crossing highway bridges with a length of 36 km (22 miles). It was Constructed between June 8, 2003, to June 14, 2007, and opened to traffic on 1 May 2008. The bridge connects two Chinese cities Jiaxing and Ningbo in Zhejiang Province. It looks S-shaped bridge when viewed from above.
Ponte Vecchio Bridge, Florence, Italy
The Ponte Vecchio is considered one of the oldest medieval arch bridges in the world, built on the Arno River in Florence, Italy. It is believed that bridge was first built in Roman times, it appears in a document of 996 and the current bridge was rebuilt in 1345. It is the only bridge that survived the Second World War in Florence.
Charles Bridge in Prague, Czech Republic
Charles Bridge is a stone Gothic bridge and one of the most beautiful bridges in Europe. It is one of the oldest bridges in the Czech Republic and still standing over the Vltava River in Prague. The first construction of the bridge was started in 1357. Charles Bridge is 516 m long, 9.5 m wide and stands on 15 pillars.
Stari Most Bridge, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The beautiful Stari Most Bridge is 29 metres in total length and 4 metres wide, which is built on the Neretta River. It is one of the city’s most iconic landmarks and connects the two sides of the city of Mostar. The construction of the stone arch bridge began in 1557 and the bridge took nine years to build and was completed in 1566.
Pont du Gard Bridge, France
The Pont du Gard is a 275-meter-long ancient Roman aqueduct bridge. Built-in the first century AD that served as the main component of a 50 km-long water canal in the Roman colony of Nemausus. The Pont du Gard Bridge was built over the valley of the Gardon River and is a World Heritage Site since 1985. It is one of the top 5 tourist destinations in France, with more than 1 million visitors every year.
Chapel Bridge in Lucerne, Switzerland
The Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke) is a 205-meter-long wooden covered footbridge over the river Reuss in Lucerne, Switzerland. It is one of the oldest wooden bridges in Europe, built-in 1333 and named after the nearby St. Peter’s Chapel. The Chapel Bridge is also famous for its amazing rooftop paintings that cover the entire bridge’s walkway.
Danyang Kunshan Grand Bridge, China
The Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge is the longest bridge in the world and it is the part of Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway. It is the only bridge on earth with a length of 102 mi (165 Km), built from Shanghai to Nanjing in Jiangsu province, China. The Bridge was constructed in just 4 years between 2006 and 2010 and was opened for the public on June 30, 2011.