Last Updated on 20th March 2023 by admin
London is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the world. The city is home to a wealth of history, culture, and entertainment, with countless attractions that draw millions of visitors each year. The article lists 29 top tourist attractions in London, ranging from historic landmarks such as the Tower of London and Buckingham Palace, to world-class museums like the British Museum and the Tate Modern. Other attractions include the London Eye, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and the Churchill War Rooms.
Overall, the article provides a comprehensive guide to things to do in London. The article also covers popular markets such as Camden Market, Borough Market and cultural sites. With its vibrant neighborhoods, diverse food scene, and bustling markets, London is a truly global city that continues to draw millions of visitors each year. Here are 29 top tourist attractions in London:
1) The British Museum
The British Museum is one of the most comprehensive and largest museums in the world, located in the Bloomsbury area of London. The museum was Founded in 1753, the museum’s collection spans over two million years of human history, culture, and art from around the globe. The British Museum is organized into various galleries, covering topics such as ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, the Middle East, and Asia. Visitors can also explore the museum’s extensive collection of prints and drawings, as well as its extensive library and archive.
- The Rosetta Stone: The Rosetta Stone is a large, inscribed stone that played a key role in deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs. The stone is one of the most famous objects in the museum’s collection.
- The Elgin Marbles: The Elgin Marbles are a collection of ancient Greek sculptures that were removed from the Parthenon in Athens and brought to the British Museum in the 19th century. The sculptures are among the most controversial objects in the museum’s collection, and there have been ongoing calls for their return to Greece.
- The Sutton Hoo treasures: The Sutton Hoo treasures are a collection of Anglo-Saxon artifacts, including a magnificent gold and garnet helmet, discovered in a burial mound in Suffolk in 1939. The treasures are considered to be some of the most important Anglo-Saxon artifacts ever found.
- The Lewis Chessmen: The Lewis Chessmen are a set of 12th-century chess pieces carved from walrus ivory, discovered on the Isle of Lewis in Scotland in the 19th century. The pieces are some of the most famous and beloved objects in the museum’s collection.
Overall, the British Museum is known for its extensive collection of world-class artifacts, including some of the most iconic and recognizable objects from throughout human history, making it one of the famous tourist attractions in London. The British Museum is a must-see attraction for anyone interested in history, culture, and art.
2) The Tower of London
The Tower of London is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. Built in the 11th century by William the Conqueror, the tower has played a central role in English history, serving as a royal palace, a prison, a treasury, and a fortress. Today, the Tower of London is one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions, drawing millions of visitors each year. It is one of the world’s famous castles, visitors can explore the tower’s many buildings and grounds, including the White Tower, the Crown Jewels exhibition, and the medieval palace.
- The Crown Jewels: The Crown Jewels are a collection of ceremonial regalia and jewelry that are used in the coronation of British monarchs. The collection includes the Imperial State Crown, which is set with over 2,800 diamonds, as well as the Sovereign’s Sceptre and the Royal Orb.
- The White Tower: The White Tower is the oldest and most iconic building in the Tower of London, built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century. The tower houses a range of exhibits, including displays of armor and weaponry, and provides a fascinating glimpse into the daily life of medieval England.
- The Ravens: The Tower of London is home to a group of resident ravens, which are cared for by the Yeoman Warders. According to legend, if the ravens ever leave the Tower, the kingdom will fall.
- The Tower Green: The Tower Green is the site of many historic executions, including those of Anne Boleyn, Catherine Howard, and Lady Jane Grey. Visitors can explore the site and learn about the tragic and often violent history of the Tower.
The Tower of London is a must-see London’s sightseeing for anyone interested in English history, culture, and tradition. The tower’s many historic buildings and artifacts, combined with its rich and fascinating history, make it one of the most popular and top tourist attractions in London.
3) The London Eye
The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel located on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. It was opened in the year 2000 to celebrate the new millennium and has since become one of the most popular tourist attractions in London. The London Eye stands at a height of 135 meters (443 feet) and has a diameter of 120 meters (394 feet). It features 32 glass-walled capsules, each of which can hold up to 25 people. The capsules are designed to rotate slowly, giving passengers a 360-degree view of the city and its landmarks.
5) The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben
14) Greenwich Park
Greenwich Park is a large park located in the southeast of London, and it is one of the eight Royal Parks of London. The park covers 183 acres (74 hectares) and offers stunning views of the city skyline, as well as a range of attractions and facilities for visitors. The park is also part of the Greenwich World Heritage Site, which includes the Royal Observatory and the Prime Meridian Line. Greenwich Park is famous for its historic associations, beautiful landscapes, and iconic landmarks. The park has a rich history dating back to Roman times and was once a hunting ground for Henry VIII.
- The Royal Observatory: This historic observatory is famous for being the location of the Prime Meridian Line, which divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres of the Earth. Visitors can stand on the line and have one foot in the Eastern Hemisphere and the other in the Western Hemisphere.
- The Greenwich Meridian Time (GMT): The Royal Observatory is also the home of the Greenwich Mean Time, the standard time zone used around the world.
- The National Maritime Museum: This museum is located in the park and has a large collection of exhibits related to Britain’s naval history, including models of ships, paintings, and interactive displays.
- The Queen’s House: This historic house was built in the early 17th century and is now part of the National Maritime Museum. It houses a collection of paintings and artwork.
- The Great Hill: This hill offers stunning views of the city skyline, including the Canary Wharf skyscrapers and the River Thames.
- The Deer Park: The park is home to a small herd of deer that can often be seen grazing in the fields.
Visitors to Greenwich Park can enjoy a leisurely stroll along its numerous walking paths, have a picnic on the lawns, or enjoy a cup of tea in one of the park’s several cafes. The park also offers a variety of sporting facilities, including tennis courts, a cricket pitch, and a running track.
15) The Victoria and Albert Museum
The Victoria and Albert Museum, also known as the V&A, is a world-renowned museum of art and design located in South Kensington, London. It is the world’s largest museum of decorative arts and design, with a collection spanning over 5,000 years of human creativity. The museum’s collection includes works from many different cultures and civilizations, including ancient Greek, Roman, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Islamic, and European. The museum was founded in 1852 and has since become a major attraction for tourists and locals alike.
- Decorative Arts: The museum’s collection includes an extensive range of decorative arts, including ceramics, glass, textiles, jewelry, and furniture, with examples from around the world.
- Fashion: The V&A is home to one of the largest and most comprehensive collections of fashion in the world, with pieces dating from the 17th century to the present day.
- Art and Design: The museum’s vast collection also includes paintings, sculptures, and architectural objects, showcasing a wide range of art and design movements throughout history.
- Exhibitions: The V&A hosts a variety of temporary exhibitions throughout the year, featuring everything from contemporary art to historical artifacts.
- Culture and History: The museum offers a unique insight into the cultures and histories of different countries and civilizations, with collections ranging from ancient China to modern-day Europe.
Visitors to the Victoria and Albert Museum can explore the museum’s collections, attend exhibitions, and participate in a range of educational programs and events. The V&A is an essential destination for anyone interested in art, design, and cultural history.
16) The National Portrait Gallery
The National Portrait Gallery is a world-famous art museum located in London. The gallery was founded in 1856 and contains a vast collection of portraits of historically significant and famous British individuals from the Tudor period to the present day. The museum houses a collection of over 200,000 portraits of historical and contemporary figures from British history and culture, as well as notable individuals from around the world.
- Portrait Collection: The museum’s extensive portrait collection spans from medieval times to the present day, including portraits of kings and queens, political leaders, scientists, artists, writers, and actors.
- Historic Building: The museum is housed in a beautiful 19th-century building in the heart of London, which underwent a major renovation in 2020 to upgrade and modernize its facilities.
- Exhibitions: The National Portrait Gallery hosts a range of exhibitions throughout the year, showcasing both historic and contemporary portraits, as well as other works of art.
- Events: The museum also offers a range of events, including talks, lectures, workshops, and family activities, to engage visitors of all ages.
- Portrait Award: The museum’s prestigious annual BP Portrait Award is one of the most highly regarded portrait painting competitions in the world, attracting entries from artists around the globe.
Visitors to the National Portrait Gallery can explore the museum’s extensive portrait collection, learn about the history of portraiture, and attend exhibitions and events that showcase some of the world’s most famous faces. The museum also offers a range of educational resources and programs for schools and families, making it an accessible and engaging destination for all.
17) The Churchill War Rooms
The Churchill War Rooms is a museum located in London that offers visitors a glimpse into the secret underground bunker where Winston Churchill and his team worked during World War II. The War Rooms were originally built in 1938 as a government emergency shelter, but were quickly converted into a military command center once the war began. The rooms were in operation 24/7 during the war years, and played a critical role in the Allied victory.
- Historical Significance: The Churchill War Rooms are a key part of British history, providing a unique insight into the workings of the British government during one of the most challenging periods of the 20th century.
- Secret Underground Bunker: The museum provides a fascinating glimpse into the secret underground bunker where Churchill and his team worked, complete with original furnishings and wartime artifacts.
- Interactive Exhibits: The museum features interactive exhibits, such as an underground map room, which allows visitors to see the same map used by Churchill during the war.
- Personal Effects of Churchill: The museum houses a collection of personal items that belonged to Churchill, such as his famous cigar and the red telephone he used to communicate with President Roosevelt.
- Learning Experience: The Churchill War Rooms offers a unique and immersive learning experience for visitors of all ages, with exhibits and information designed to educate and engage.
Visitors to the Churchill War Rooms can explore the underground bunker and learn about the key events of World War II from a British perspective, gaining a deeper appreciation for the sacrifices made and the resilience of the British people during one of the most challenging periods in modern history.
18) The Camden Market
Camden Market is one of the most vibrant and eclectic shopping destinations in London. Located in the trendy Camden Town neighborhood, the market is a hub of alternative fashion, art, and food. The market is made up of several smaller markets, each with its own unique style and offerings. Visitors can explore the shops, stalls, and vendors, sampling street food from around the world, browsing vintage clothing, and discovering unique handmade items.
- Alternative Fashion: The market is known for its alternative fashion scene, with many vendors selling vintage clothing, punk-inspired apparel, and other eclectic styles.
- Food Stalls: Camden Market is a food lover’s paradise, with countless food stalls offering cuisine from all around the world, including Indian street food, Chinese dumplings, and traditional British fish and chips.
- Live Music: The market is also known for its live music scene, with many buskers and street performers entertaining visitors throughout the day.
- Street Art: The market is home to a vibrant street art scene, with colorful murals and graffiti adorning the walls of many buildings and alleys.
- Shopping: With over 1,000 vendors, Camden Market offers a diverse range of shopping opportunities, including handmade crafts, vintage jewelry, and unique souvenirs.
Camden Market is a must-see London sightseeing for anyone interested in alternative fashion, art, and food. With its unique atmosphere and endless variety of offerings, it’s no wonder that Camden Market is one of the most popular attractions in London.
19) The Natural History Museum
The Natural History Museum is a famous museum located in South Kensington, London. It is one of the most visited and famous museums in the city, attracting millions of visitors each year. The museum’s collection contains over 80 million specimens, including fossils, minerals, rocks, plants, animals, and human remains. The museum is housed in a stunning Victorian-era building, and its interior is just as impressive, with grand halls and intricate architectural details.
- Dinosaurs: One of the main attractions of the museum is the collection of dinosaur fossils. The museum’s dinosaur exhibits include a life-sized model of a Tyrannosaurus rex, a Stegosaurus skeleton, and many other impressive specimens.
- Wildlife: The museum’s collection of animals is vast and diverse, with specimens from all over the world. The displays include everything from insects to mammals, and visitors can see many rare and endangered species up close.
- Human Evolution: The museum also has an extensive collection of human remains and artifacts, providing a fascinating insight into our evolutionary history.
- The Darwin Centre: The museum’s Darwin Centre houses the museum’s vast collections of specimens, and visitors can take a behind-the-scenes tour to see the scientists at work.
- Butterfly House: The museum’s Butterfly House is a popular attraction where visitors can walk through a tropical rainforest environment and see hundreds of live butterflies.
The Natural History Museum offers something for everyone, with interactive exhibits, educational programs, and special events throughout the year. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast or just looking for an interesting and educational day out, the museum is one of the top attractions in London.
20) The British Library
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom, located in London. It was founded in 1973 and is home to an enormous collection of books, manuscripts, maps, newspapers, and other printed materials. In addition to its physical collection, the British Library has also digitized many of its holdings and made them available online. The British Library is a significant research institution that aims to advance knowledge and support research. It provides access to its extensive collections to researchers, academics, and scholars from around the world.
- Collection size: The library has one of the largest collections of books in the world, with over 170 million items in its catalog. This includes rare and valuable manuscripts, such as the original manuscripts of works by Shakespeare, Jane Austen, and Lewis Carroll.
- Magna Carta: The library is home to the Magna Carta, one of the most important legal documents in history. The original document from 1215 is on display in the library’s Treasures Gallery.
- Sound archive: The British Library has a vast sound archive, with over 6.5 million recordings of music, spoken word, and other sounds from around the world. This includes early recordings by musicians such as The Beatles and Led Zeppelin.
- Exhibitions: The library hosts a range of temporary exhibitions throughout the year, showcasing items from its vast collection. Recent exhibitions have included displays on the history of punk rock, Alice in Wonderland, and the history of maps.
- Reading rooms: The British Library has a number of reading rooms where researchers and members of the public can access the library’s collections. The largest of these is the Reading Room in the British Library’s St Pancras building, which can accommodate up to 1,200 readers at a time.
The British Library is a must-see attraction of London for anyone interested in history, literature, or research. Its vast collection and resources, combined with its stunning architecture, make it a unique and fascinating place to visit.
21) Borough Market
Borough Market is one of the oldest and largest food markets in London, located in Southwark. The market is a famous destination for foodies and tourists looking to sample a variety of fresh and artisanal foods, from fruits and vegetables to cheeses, meats, baked goods, and more. Borough Market has a long history dating back to the 13th century when it was a wholesale market for produce. Today, the market is open to the public and attracts visitors from all over the world.
- Food Stalls: The market is home to over 100 food stalls offering a wide variety of fresh and delicious foods, including locally sourced produce, artisanal cheeses, cured meats, and baked goods.
- Specialty Foods: In addition to traditional market fare, Borough Market is also known for its unique and hard-to-find specialty foods, such as truffles, exotic spices, and rare breeds of meat.
- Events and Workshops: The market hosts a variety of events and workshops throughout the year, including cooking demonstrations, food tastings, and classes on food-related topics.
- Historic Setting: Borough Market is housed in a historic Victorian building and features beautiful architecture and a charming, old-world atmosphere.
- Sustainability: The market is committed to sustainable practices and supports local farmers and producers who use environmentally friendly methods.
Borough Market is one of the most famous tourist attractions in London, a must visit if you come with family or loved ones. Visitors to Borough Market can stroll through the stalls, sample a variety of foods, and enjoy the lively atmosphere of one of London’s most iconic food markets.
22) The Shard
The Shard is a 95-storey skyscraper located in the Southwark area of London on the south bank of the River Thames. The building is one of the famous buildings in the United Kingdom, designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano and completed in 2012. The Shard is currently the tallest building in the United Kingdom and the fifth tallest in Europe, standing at a height of 310 meters (1,016 feet). The building is named after its distinctive shard-like design and has become a symbol of modern London.
- Observation Deck: The Shard’s observation deck, known as The View from The Shard, offers panoramic views of London from a height of 244 meters (800 feet). It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in London.
- Restaurants and Bars: The Shard is home to a number of restaurants and bars, including Aqua Shard, Oblix, and Hutong, all of which offer stunning views of the city.
- Luxury Hotel: The Shard is also home to a luxury hotel, the Shangri-La Hotel, which occupies the building’s 34th to 52nd floors.
- Sustainable Design: The Shard was designed with sustainability in mind and incorporates a number of environmentally friendly features, including a rainwater harvesting system and energy-efficient lighting.
The Shard’s distinctive shape and impressive height have made it a popular landmark in London’s skyline. Visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of the city from the observation deck, dine in one of the building’s high-end restaurants, or even stay overnight in the luxurious Shangri-La Hotel.
23) Imperial War Museum
The Imperial War Museum is a museum in London that explores the history of modern warfare and its impact on society. It was founded in 1917 during World War I and moved to its current location in Lambeth in 1936. The museum houses a vast collection of items related to the conflicts of the 20th and 21st centuries, including personal letters, photographs, military equipment, and artwork. The museum also has a large collection of military vehicles and aircraft on display, including tanks, fighter jets, and helicopters.
- Exhibitions: The Imperial War Museum features a range of permanent and temporary exhibitions exploring the impact of war on people’s lives. The museum’s collections include photographs, films, and personal items from soldiers, civilians, and others affected by conflict.
- Holocaust Exhibition: The museum’s Holocaust Exhibition is one of the most powerful and moving exhibitions on the history of the Holocaust. It features personal accounts and items from survivors, as well as photographs and documents.
- War Memorials: The museum’s grounds include a number of war memorials, including the iconic Grade II listed building, which served as a hospital during World War I.
- Learning and Research: The museum offers a range of educational programs and resources for students and teachers, as well as opportunities for researchers to explore its collections.
In addition to its permanent exhibits, the Imperial War Museum also hosts temporary exhibitions, special events, and educational programs for visitors of all ages. It is a powerful and moving tribute to those who have served in conflicts throughout history and serves as an important reminder of the human cost of war.
24) Hyde Park
Hyde Park is one of the largest and most famous parks in London, located in the heart of the city. It covers an area of 350 acres and is surrounded by some of London’s most iconic landmarks, including Kensington Palace, Buckingham Palace, and Marble Arch. Originally opened to the public in 1637, the park has a rich history and has been used for a variety of purposes over the years, including as a royal hunting ground, a venue for political protests and rallies, and a site for major cultural events.
- Serene Atmosphere: Hyde Park is an oasis of tranquility in the midst of bustling London, providing visitors with a serene escape from the city’s noise and crowds.
- Landmarks: The park is home to many iconic landmarks, including the Serpentine Lake, the Diana Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain, and the Hyde Park Corner.
- Activities: There are many activities to enjoy in Hyde Park, including horse riding, cycling, rowing, and boating on the Serpentine Lake. In addition, the park hosts several cultural events and concerts throughout the year.
- Wildlife: Hyde Park is also a haven for wildlife, with a diverse range of birds, insects, and mammals living in the park’s gardens and wooded areas.
It is one of the top tourist attractions in London, visitors to Hyde Park can enjoy a leisurely stroll, relax in the park’s beautiful gardens, or take part in one of the many activities on offer. With its serene atmosphere, iconic landmarks, and stunning scenery, Hyde Park is a must-see for anyone visiting London.
25) Madame Tussauds
Madame Tussauds is a world-famous museum chain that features life-size wax figures of celebrities, historical figures, and pop culture icons. The museum’s flagship location is in London, located in Marylebone. It was established in 1835 by Marie Tussaud, a wax sculptor who created death masks during the French Revolution. Since then, the museum has grown in popularity and has become one of the top tourist attractions in London.
- Wax Figures: The museum is home to an extensive collection of lifelike wax figures, ranging from actors and musicians to politicians and royalty.
- Interactive Experiences: In addition to admiring the wax figures, visitors can also participate in interactive experiences, such as taking selfies with their favorite celebrities, attending virtual reality experiences, and testing their sports skills against famous athletes.
- Marvel Superheroes 4D Experience: One of the most popular attractions in Madame Tussauds is the Marvel Superheroes 4D experience, which features life-size wax figures of popular Marvel superheroes like Spider-Man and Iron Man, combined with a 4D film experience.
- History and Culture: The museum also features exhibits on British history and culture, with wax figures of famous monarchs, prime ministers, and other historical figures.
Madame Tussauds offers visitors a chance to get up close and personal with their favorite celebrities and historical figures, providing a unique and memorable experience for all ages.
26) Kensington Gardens