Prague Astronomical Clock: A World-Famous Timepiece

Last Updated on 4th December 2023 by admin

Prague the capital city of the Czech Republic, often referred to as the “City of a Hundred Spires,” boasts an array of historical treasures, but perhaps none are as enchanting and iconic as the Prague Astronomical Clock. In this comprehensive article, we will take you on an extensive journey through time, unveiling the secrets and marvels of this famous clock in Prague. From its origins to its intricate mechanics, from the legends that surround it to practical visitor information, we have it all covered.

The Prague Astronomical Clock: A Timeless Wonder

The Astronomical Clock in Prague, Czech Republic, also known as the Prague Orloj, is the perfect example of both medieval craftsmanship and scientific ingenuity. Its story is one of continuous fascination and admiration.

The Prague Astronomical Clock

History and Origins:

The Prague Astronomical Clock, also known as the Prague Orloj, is a famous historical timepiece with origins dating back to 1410. This iconic clock, located in the heart of Prague, is a testament to the brilliant collaboration between master clockmaker Mikuláš of Kadaň and astronomer Jan Šindel. It’s a fusion of art and science, serving as both a timekeeping device and an astronomical marvel.

The clock’s face is adorned with celestial motifs, intricate carvings, and animated figures, making it a true work of art. Beyond its aesthetic charm, it provides valuable astronomical data, such as the positions of celestial bodies and lunar phases. This unique combination of functionality and artistry has fascinated generations.

Restoration efforts have ensured the clock’s continued operation and preservation, allowing it to captivate visitors with its hourly show, the “Procession of the Apostles.” As we delve deeper into its history and mysteries, we discover a timepiece that transcends the boundaries of conventional clocks, embodying the rich cultural heritage of Prague.

The Aesthetic Beauty:

Astronomical Clock’s aesthetic beauty is nothing short of breathtaking. Its intricate design, a harmonious blend of art and craftsmanship, captivates all who behold it. The clock’s face is adorned with celestial motifs, intricate carvings, and animated figures, creating a mesmerizing tableau.

Against a deep blue background, golden hands sweep gracefully, accentuating the clock’s celestial charm. The attention to detail in every aspect of its design is a testament to the skill and dedication of its creators. This visual masterpiece not only tells time but also tells a story of artistic excellence that has endured for over six centuries, making it one of the famous landmarks in Prague.

The Functionality:

Beyond its captivating aesthetic, the Prague Astronomical Clock boasts remarkable functionality that sets it apart as a true marvel of engineering. This timepiece not only keeps accurate hours and minutes but also serves as an early astronomical computer. The clock’s inner workings include intricate mechanisms that track the positions of celestial bodies, such as the sun and moon in the zodiac, the lunar phases, and other astronomical events.

Beautiful Prague Astronomical Clock

In an era when the boundary between astronomy and astrology was blurred, this clock was a valuable tool for both scholars and the general public. Its functionality transcended mere timekeeping, offering insights into the cosmos. Today, this historical treasure continues to tick, providing visitors with a glimpse into a bygone era of scientific and horological achievement.

Ongoing Restoration:

The Prague Astronomical Clock, with its rich history and intricate mechanics, has not only stood the test of time but has also undergone a series of meticulous restorations. These restoration efforts have been crucial in preserving the clock’s beauty and functionality, ensuring that it continues to captivate visitors from around the world.

Skilled craftsmen and horologists have dedicated themselves to the careful maintenance and repair of this historical treasure. Their expertise and commitment have breathed new life into the clock, allowing it to chime with the same precision and charm as it did centuries ago.


Sculptures of the 12 Apostles

Prague Astronomical Clock Apostles Statues


One of the most enchanting features of the Astronomical Clock is the captivating procession of the 12 Apostles. Here are 12 points describing the Prague Astronomical Clock and its 12 Apostles:

  1. St. Peter (Petrus): Typically recognized by the keys he holds, St. Peter is often depicted as the first among the Apostles, symbolizing his role as the “gatekeeper” of heaven.
  2. St. John (Joannes): Identified as the youngest Apostle, St. John often holds a chalice, signifying his connection to the Last Supper and the Holy Grail in Christian lore.
  3. St. Thomas (Thoma): Known for his doubt and need for physical proof of Jesus’ resurrection, St. Thomas is often depicted with a spear or carpenter’s square.
  4. St. Jude Thaddeus (Iudas Iacobi): St. Jude is sometimes depicted holding a ship or a medallion with the face of Christ, signifying his mission to spread the Gospel to far-off lands.
  5. St. Paul (Paulus): Although not one of the original 12, St. Paul is often included due to his significant role in the early Christian Church. He may hold a sword, symbolizing his martyrdom.
  6. St. Matthew (Matthias): Recognized by a book or money bag, St. Matthew is the patron saint of bankers and accountants.
  7. St. Bartholomew (Bartholomaeus): St. Bartholomew is often depicted with a flaying knife, symbolizing his martyrdom, where he was skinned alive.
  8. St. Simon (Simon): St. Simon is symbolized by a saw, representing his own martyrdom by sawing.
  9. St. Barnabas: St. Barnabas, an early disciple of Christ, is associated with a scroll. He is known as the protector against devastating fires and serves as the patron of coopers and weavers.
  10. St. Andrew (Andreas): St. Andrew is associated with a saltire cross (X-shaped), representing the manner of his crucifixion.
  11. St. Philip (Philippus): Often depicted with a tall cross, symbolizing the tradition that he was crucified on a T-shaped cross.
  12. St. James the Less: St. James the Less, one of the chosen apostles of Jesus Christ, holds a unique place in Christian history.

These 12 Apostles, as represented in the Astronomical Clock, each have unique symbols or attributes that reflect their individual stories, roles, and legacies in Christian tradition. Together, they add an extra layer of historical and symbolic significance to this famous clock.


Astronomical Clock: Legends and Myths

Every famous landmark comes with its share of legends, and the Astronomical Clock in Prague is no exception. These stories add an air of mystique to an already captivating masterpiece.

The Curse of the Clockmaker:

Legend has it that the creation of the this beautiful clock came with a curse. This intriguing tale centers on Mikuláš of Kadaň, the master clockmaker behind this masterpiece. According to folklore, Mikuláš was allegedly blinded to prevent him from replicating his extraordinary work elsewhere.

While this legend adds an air of mystery and drama to the clock’s history, there is no concrete evidence supporting this curse. Nonetheless, it speaks to the profound impact the clock had on those who encountered it. Its intricate design and functional brilliance were so exceptional that they inspired stories of enchantment and secrecy.

The Curse of the Clockmaker remains a captivating part of the clock’s lore, reminding us of the enduring fascination and mystique that surround this famous clock in Prague.

The Hidden Face:

Legends and mysteries have always surrounded the Astronomical Clock, and one of the most enduring tales is that of the “Hidden Face.” This intriguing narrative suggests that within the clock’s intricate design lies a concealed visage with an enigmatic secret.

Over the centuries, visitors and scholars have scrutinized the clock’s ornate details, searching for clues that might unveil this hidden countenance. Some believe it to be a symbol of an undiscovered truth or a cryptic message left by its creators.

While this legend adds an element of mystique to the Astronomical Clock, it remains shrouded in uncertainty. To this day, the clock continues to beckon explorers, inviting them to seek out its secrets and discover the truth behind the legend of the Hidden Face.

The Astronomer’s Vow:

Another captivating tale intertwined with the rich history of the Prague Astronomical Clock is the legend of the “Astronomer’s Vow.” According to this intriguing story, Jan Šindel, the clock’s astronomer, pledged never to reveal the clock’s intricate inner workings to anyone else.

The reasons behind this vow are the subject of much speculation. Some believe it was a measure to safeguard the clock’s exclusivity and maintain its mystique, while others suggest that it was a testament to Šindel’s dedication to the secrets of the cosmos.

Though the exact motives behind the Astronomer’s Vow remain unclear, it continues to add an air of mystique and fascination to the Prague’s Astronomical Clock. It underscores the deep connection between this timepiece and the astronomical world it seeks to unravel.


Visiting Astronomical Clock

Prague's Old Town Square

A trip to the clock is a must for both tourists and enthusiasts. Here’s what you need to know to make the most of your visit.

Location and Accessibility:

Situated in the heart of Prague’s Old Town Square, finding the clock is a breeze. Its central location makes it easily accessible by foot or public transport, ensuring that it’s on the itinerary of most visitors to Prague.

Viewing the Show:

Witnessing the clock’s hourly show is a memorable experience. The show, known as the “Procession of the Apostles,” takes place every hour from 9 AM to 11 PM. The twelve apostles appear from miniature doors above the clock face, each taking a bow to the waiting crowd. The clock’s mechanism is set in motion, and the show culminates with the crowing of a rooster and the ringing of the bell. It’s a delightful spectacle that shouldn’t be missed.

Entry to the Clock Tower:

For a truly immersive experience, consider entering the clock tower. While there is a small fee for admission, the panoramic views of Prague from the tower are breathtaking and provide a unique perspective on the city’s beauty.

Guided Tours:

To delve even deeper into the history and mechanics of the clock, guided tours are available. Knowledgeable guides share fascinating insights about the clock’s construction, its historical significance, and the enduring allure of this remarkable timepiece.


Photography is allowed, so be sure to capture the beauty and history of the Astronomical Clock in Prague during your visit. Don’t forget to take a selfie with this iconic masterpiece as a backdrop.


The Prague Astronomical Clock, with its rich history, mesmerizing design, and intriguing legends, is a true gem of Prague’s cultural heritage. Whether you’re a history buff, an art lover, or simply a traveler seeking unique experiences, a visit to this famous clock in Prague is an absolute must. Unravel its mysteries, witness its beauty, and let the magic of time transport you to a bygone era. Explore the enchantment of the this beautiuful clock and discover why it remains one of the world’s most beloved and enduring treasures.

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